It is one of the easiest ways to prevent the UV damage each year by applying sunscreen. However, most of us often forget to slather on the sunscreen. In fact, just a small number of people regular put sunscreen on their faces and other expose skin before heading outside for more than an hour.
Exposure to ultraviolet radiation is the leading cause of skin cancer. There are two types of UV radiation, including Ultraviolet A (UVA) and Ultraviolet B (UVB). UVA rays can penetrate glass. It will cause premature aging and wrinkling of the skin. UVA plays a role in causing basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma. Ultraviolet B (UVB) does not pass through car windows or other types of glass. But it is more closely linked with the development of skin cancer and melanoma. Plus, it also is the main cause of sunburn. Therefore, it is crucial to protect your skin from both UVA and UVB radiation. There are some basic tips for protecting you from the sun and its UV rays.
Sun damage has been formed over time. It is important to use sunscreen as a daily routine, even on cloudy days. To protect against both UVA and UVB rays, you should choose a broad-spectrum sunscreen. It is better to use a water resistant sunscreen and has a sun protection factor of 30 or higher. Other types of sunscreen may help prevent sunburn, but they will not protect against skin cancer. Apply at least 1 ounce of sunscreen 15 to 30 minutes before heading outdoors. Generally, sunscreen creams are better for dry skin. Gels are suitable for the scalp and hairy areas. Reapply sunscreen every two hours and reapply it if you are swimming or sweating.
Avoid the sun between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. This is when the sun’s rays are the strongest. You can look your shadow, is your shadow is shorter than you, you should find shade. Be careful around water and sand, because these surfaces reflect the damaging rays of the sun, which can increase your chance of getting sunburned. If it is possible, try to stay in the shade when the sun’s rays are the most intense. The UV index is a number that measures how damaging exposure to the sun will be on any particular day. It is often included in the weather report. When the index is 10 or higher, you should try to stay indoors.
Sun-protective clothing is the best and easiest way to prevent the UV rays from your skin. It is better to wear a long-sleeved shirt with long pants to get your body covered.
Dark colored clothing with tightly woven fabric that can block more sun than white or loosely woven fabric, so it is best to wear dark colored clothes. To get extra sun protection, try to find clothing made with special sun-protective materials. Besides, some accessories are necessary for hot days, such as a hat and sunglasses. The bucket hat is a stylish and functional item that has been favored by women and men. It features a moderate and floppy brim that provides shade for your face, ears and neck. Sunglasses will protect your eyes from harsh sunlight.